Marine Transportation Articles

Global wave statistical analysis and its use in deepwater operations

Why do we need wave analysis? For the design of offshore operations such as installation and transport of offshore structures, as well as lifecycle design of floating and fixed structures, knowledge of extreme waves as well as the probability of different sea-states...

The four important factors for a ship’s windage area calculations

Introduction The windage area of a vessel or offshore structure is the area that is exposed directly to the wind. As is obvious, this is the area of all items above the waterline. This will include Part of the hull/offshore structure above the waterline...

Calculating the maximum stacking height of pipes

Introduction Pipes (or linepipes or joints) are used for multiple purposes and locations in the maritime/offshore industry. Onshore and offshore pipelines are used for transportation of fluids on land, over and underwater. Pipes are fabricated in an onshore facility...

Safe Towing: Calculating a towline’s catenary and sag

Introduction Towlines connect a tug to the vessel being towed and are defined by multiple characteristics like Weight, Diameter, and Stiffness. The tension in the towline during the towing operation is not static but keeps varying with the distance between the tug and...